- Former Portuguese colony (ca. 1500-1822), once described on old maps as "Portuguese America." Until 1822, the colony of Brazil was Portugal's largest, richest, and most populous colonial territory, and it held the greatest number of overseas Portuguese. Indeed, until 1974, long after Brazil had ceased being a Portuguese colony, the largest number of overseas Portuguese continued to reside in Brazil.Discovered in 1500 by Pedro Álvares Cabral, Brazil experienced significant coastal colonization by Portugal only after 1550. As Portugal's world power and colonial position in North Africa and Asia entered a decline, Brazil began to receive the lion's share of her imperial attention and soon dominated the empire. While Portuguese colonization and civilization had an essential impact on the complex making of Brazil, this fact must be put into perspective. In addition to other European (Italian, German, etc.) and Asian (Japanese) immigrants, two other civilizations or groups of civilizations helped to construct Brazil: the Amerindians who inhabited the land before 1500 and black Africans who were shipped to Brazil's coast as slaves during more than three centuries, mainly from west and central Africa. There is a long history of Portuguese military operations to defend Brazil against internal rebellions as well as other colonial intruders. The French, for example, attacked Brazil several times. But it was the Dutch who proved the greatest threat, when they held northeast Brazil from 1624 to 1654, until they were expelled by Portuguese and colonial forces.Until the 17th century, Portuguese colonization was largely coastal. By the 18th century, Portuguese groups began to penetrate deep into the hinterland, including an area rich in minerals, the Minas Gerais ("General Mines"). Lisbon extracted the greatest wealth from Brazil during the "golden age" of mining of gold and diamonds from 1670 to 1750. But hefty profits for the king also came from Brazilian sugar, tobacco, cotton, woods, and coffee. By the time of Brazil's independence, declared in 1822, Portuguese America had become far more powerful and rich than the mother country. Only a few years before the break, Brazil had been declared a kingdom, in theory on a par with Portugal. A major factor behind the Brazilian independence movement was the impact of the residence of the Portuguese royal family and court in Brazil from 1808 to 1821.What is the Portuguese legacy to Brazil after more than 300 years of colonization? Of the many facets that could be cited, perhaps three are worthy of mention here: the Portuguese language (Brazil is the only Latin American country that has Portuguese as the official language); Portuguese political and administrative customs; and a large community, mostly in coastal Brazil, of overseas Portuguese.
Historical dictionary of Portugal 3rd ed.. by Douglas L. Wheeler . 2014.
Look at other dictionaries:
BRAZIL — BRAZIL, South American federal republic; general population (est.) 183 million (2005); Jewish population 97,000. Jewish history in Brazil is divided into four distinct periods with a specific interval: (a) The presence of new christians and the… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Brazil — • Information includes history, religion, climate, education, and economy Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Brazil Brazil † … Catholic encyclopedia
Brazil R/S — Тип система рендеринга Разработчик SplutterFish Llc ОС Microsoft Windows Версия v2 Лицензия Proprietary Сайт … Википедия
Brazil R/s — Logo de Brazil r/s … Wikipédia en Français
Brazil rs — Brazil r/s Brazil r/s Logo de Brazil r/s … Wikipédia en Français
Brazil r/s — Logo de Brazil r/s … Wikipédia en Français
Brazil — Brazil, a country of some 3.3 million square miles on the eastern coast of South America, is by far the largest country on the continent. In the sixteenth century, the first Europeans settled in the land now known as Brazil, the Dutch in the… … Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914
Brazil... — Brazil... Album par The Ritchie Family Sortie 1975 Albums de The Ritchie Family … Wikipédia en Français
Brazil R/S — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Brazil R/S (Brazil Rendering System) es un sistema de renderización fotorrealístico de alta calidad, creado por SplutterFish, capaz de implementar raytracing e iluminación global a velocidades altas. Es usado por los … Wikipedia Español
Brazil R/S — ( Brazil Rendering System ) is a high quality photorealistic rendering system, created by SplutterFish, capable of fast ray tracing and global illumination.It is used by computer graphics artists to generate content for print, online content,… … Wikipedia
Brazil — Brazil, IN U.S. city in Indiana Population (2000): 8188 Housing Units (2000): 3740 Land area (2000): 3.341280 sq. miles (8.653876 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.028175 sq. miles (0.072973 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.369455 sq. miles (8.726849 sq.… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places